Healthy skin is full of vitality and elasticity. Yet in winter, the skin’s moisture can fall out of balance. When it is cold, the sebaceous glands produce less oil and, without this protective lipid layer, it is harder to maintain moisture levels in the skin. What’s more, the blood vessels under the skin contract and so the supply of oxygen decreases.
The result is that the skin feels tight and scaly and can become red. The thin areas of the skin or areas without subcutaneous (fatty) tissue and sebaceous glands such as shins, elbows and knees are at particular risk.